Blackjack rules: how to master them
No online casino card game is more exciting and easier to understand than blackjack. Since its introduction to casinos in the twentieth century, the game has grown in popularity to become the world's favorite casino game.
However, before betting at the tables and show off to win big, make sure you fully understand Blackjack rules governing blackjack.
Blackjack rules for the game
Blackjack rules can be understood in minutes. However, depending on the variant being played, the table rules and betting options may differ, so, consider this feature before learning Blackjack rules.
How to master Blackjack rules when playing
In each round of blackjack, players seated at the table begin by placing a wager in their respective betting positions, also known as "pockets".
Each table clearly states the minimum and maximum bet that each player can wager and bet sizes can be chosen by clicking on the chip icon representing the correct value of a desired bet.
After all bets are placed, players will receive two cards face up in front of their squares, and the dealer will receive either one card (European style) or two cards with one face up and one face down (Atlantic City style), depending on the variant being played.
The objective of any blackjack hand is to defeat the dealer. To do this, you must have a hand that scores higher than the dealer's hand but does not exceed 21 points in total value. Or you can win with a score lower than 22 when the dealer's hand exceeds 21 points.
When the total value of your hand is 22 or more, this is commonly known as "busting", and you will automatically lose any money wagered.
When instructed, you can draw cards to your hand to increase the total value. When you have finished adding cards to your hand, the dealer will complete his hand. These are strict rules on how to do this, which vary depending on the variant of blackjack you are playing.
Make sure you understand Blackjack rules for each variant, as it is a fundamental aspect of how blackjack is played and allows you to make important strategic decisions on each hand.
Therefore, the best hand in blackjack is known as "blackjack". The best hand in the game pays more than any other combination (up to 3 to 2 of your bets, depending on the variant you are playing) and is composed of an ace and any card with a value of ten, including any jack, queen, king or ten.
Blackjack must be dealt on the first two cards to be valid and is unbeatable. However, it can be tied if the dealer also has blackjack.
In blackjack, tens, jacks, queens and kings have a value of 10 each. Aces can have two different values: one or eleven (you can choose which one). For example, when you combine an ace and a four, the hand can be worth 5 or 15.
Whenever an ace is valued as 11, the higher total is always referred to as the "soft" total, so in the example, the 15 would be a "soft 15". Players may request an extra card, or "card draw", or fold a soft hand without risk of going broke. However, a soft hand is no guarantee of improvement after drawing.
Winning hands in blackjack generally award prizes at a 1:1 ratio (1:1, also known as "cashing out 1:1"). Therefore, if you bet 20 chips and win your hand, you will usually receive 20 chips in winnings in addition to your original bet.
Receive a blackjack while playing a variant that pays 3:2 and you will get 30 chips in winnings in addition to your original bet, if the dealer does not receive a blackjack as well.
When your hand ties with the dealer, it is known as a "push". In this case, your bet will be returned to you, but you will not win any extra money. If you lose a hand, you will lose your bet with the house. Exceptions to these general Blackjack rules are explained below. They can also be found on the Blackjack rules page of each game variant.
Normally, you will be awarded a payout after the dealer has completed his hand. It is important to read the Blackjack rules for each variant to check for any differences, as the rules governing the dealer are quite strict and will usually vary.
The most common difference in the rules between the variants is whether the dealer must take cards on a soft 17 or not. In some variants, the dealer must stand on a soft 17, while in other variants, the dealer must draw. In all blackjack games, the dealer must get either a hard or soft hand with a total of 16 or lower.
How to split, double-down and surrender
Your actions in blackjack are not limited to just drawing cards or keeping what you were initially dealt. In certain circumstances, you will be presented with several additional options. These options depend on the initial two cards you were dealt. These options include:
- Split: Splitting turns one hand into two, which gives you more chances to win. Each time you split a hand, you can place an additional bet on the newly created second hand, equal in value to the original bet.
- The action of splitting can be performed in the following situations: You are dealt two initial cards of equal value (ten-king, six-six, etc.). Both hands will be played independently and will win, lose or tie with the dealer on their own merit. In some blackjack variants, you may split cards of equal value more than once.
- There are also restrictions when splitting with aces. When splitting with two aces, almost all blackjack variants require that only one more card be dealt to each of the new hands, thus limiting your opportunities to draw, split or double down to improve your hand.
- Double-down: The double down option allows you to double your initial bet, but only in certain circumstances: Once the first two cards are dealt, you can place an additional bet (equal to the original bet) and then receive only one extra card to complete your hand.
- All our blackjack games allow you to double down regardless of your first two cards. In certain variants of the game, doubling down is allowed after splitting. However, other elements must be considered: After splitting a hand into two (or more) hands, you may have the option to double down, adding another bet to the table. If you choose to double down after splitting, the same rules apply thereafter as when doubling down normally.
- Surrender: In some blackjack games, surrendering allows you to abandon your hand and take 50% of your original bet if you think you will lose to the dealer, provided it is allowed in the variant you are playing.
You will have to make a series of decisions during each round of blackjack. The decisions you are presented with will depend on the cards you are dealt and the variant you are playing. These are the choices you will traditionally have in blackjack:
- Hitting: You can ask for extra cards to improve your hand. Cards can be drawn one at a time until the total value of the hand is 21 or higher.
- Stand: When the total value of your hand is 21 or lower, you can choose to stand and not risk the chances of your hand exceeding 21 in total value.
- Split: In certain variants, when your first two cards have the same value (eight-eight, jack-ten, etc.), you can place additional bets (equal to the initial bet) and create a second hand to play with against the dealer.
- Double: You can place an extra bet, equal to the initial bet, in exchange for one more card for your hand, after which you will automatically stand.
- Surrender: In certain variants of the game, you can surrender half of a bet and end the hand immediately.
- Insurance: In certain variants of the game, when the dealer's first card is an ace, you can bet half your original bet and receive a 2 to 1 payout if the dealer has blackjack. If the dealer has blackjack, they will tie the hand.
- Collect 1 to 1: If you have received blackjack and the dealer shows an ace, cashing out 1 to 1 is a special type of insurance that is performed. If you decide to cash 1 to 1, the payout will be 1 to 1 regardless of whether the dealer has blackjack or not. If you do not accept to collect 1 to 1, the hand will be played normally.
Protecting the user interface
When playing blackjack, it is critical that you are not restricted from making your favorite decisions during a hand. There are several factors that sometimes affect your play, from Internet connection problems to unintentional clicks.
While you cannot foresee every single occurrence that comes your way, there are some protections built into the gaming software to help players avoid making accidental or unconscious decisions that are considered outside the bounds of normal play.
If you try to make any of the following decisions, our software will display a warning, and you will be asked to confirm the indicated action as correct:
Order with a hard 17 or higher
Stand on 11 or less
Fold with a hard 12 or higher
We include these measures to ensure that you do not lose bets due to unintentional clicks. However, although we do not recommend it, these warnings can be disabled. You can choose to do so when the software issues a warning.
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